Volume 16, Issue 3 (12-2018)                   sjsph 2018, 16(3): 295-306 | Back to browse issues page

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Keykavoos Iranag M, Pashapour H, Jafari A, Keshavarzian K, Khodamoradi M, Dorosti A A et al . Community Health Assessment of the Town of Basmenj, Tabriz City. sjsph. 2018; 16 (3) :295-306
URL: http://sjsph.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5679-en.html
1- MSc. Student, Department of Statistics and Epidemiology, Faculty of Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2- Ph.D. Assisstant Professor, Department of Anesthesiology, School of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3- Ph.D. Associate Professor, Department of Statistics and Epidemiology, Faculty of Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran , ampoorasl@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1962 Views)
Background and Aim: Developing appropriate programs for community problem solving and community development and prosperity will be possible only after realistic identification of the community’s problems. Community health assessment is a process by which researchers and community members understand the health care system and community concerns through data collection and analysis, determining strengths and weaknesses and defining the community’s resources and demands. Basmenj is a town located 10 kilometer from the metropolitan City of Tabriz, Iran and on the verge of adjoining this metropolis. This paper reports results of the community assessment of this town.
Materials and Methods: This study was conducted in autumn 2017. The methodology used for community assessment was based on the eight-stage model of North Carolina. In the first seven stages the Basmenj community problems were identified and prioritized, followed, in the eighth stage, by developing an action plan for solving the problems in order of priority.
Results: Approximately 100 different problems were identified at the end of the first stage. Based on the Hanlon classification model, the top prioritized problems of the region were found to be, in that order, youth addiction, urban trashes, stray dogs, environmental pollution caused by Pars Color Company, narrowness of the main street, inner-city livestock farming, early marriage among girls, wastewater problems, youth unemployment, and high consumption and self-administration of anti-biotics.
From among these problems, the urban trashes problem was studied briefly. Factors playing a role in its causation were found to be as follows: lack of waste reduction and waste sorting programs, low citizens’ knowledge about trash gathering, absence of an appropriate urbane wastewater system, and, finally, lack of participation of citizens and the private sector in trash gathering and burying
Conclusion: A wide range of social, cultural and economic problems was identified.  The top priority was found to be focusing on problems related to urban trashes. However, it should be noted that solving all the community problems identified requires the co-operation and support of all the governmental organizations, as well as involvement of the community at large.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Public Health
Received: 2018/12/17 | Accepted: 2018/12/17 | Published: 2018/12/17

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