Volume 11, Issue 4 (3-2014)                   sjsph 2014, 11(4): 65-84 | Back to browse issues page

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Hashemian M, Falahi A, Gharibi F, Falahi P. Explaining process of dental caries from women’s viewpoint: study with grounded theory approach. sjsph. 2014; 11 (4) :65-84
URL: http://sjsph.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5074-en.html
1- , arezofalahi91@gmail.com
Abstract:   (6955 Views)
Background and Aim: women’s barriers and beliefs are important in the care of teeth and oral health in family and it influence on family’s goals, values and health behavior. Depend on the role of women in shaping health behaviors in family and explain their experiences in the field of oral and dental diseases, the aim of this study was to apply grounded theory approach to develop a process about dental caries in women. Materials and Methods: A grounded theory design was used for data gathering and analysis. 23 participants including 18 women, 3 dentists and 2 spouses were chosen through purposive and theoretical sampling methods. Face to face and semi-structured interviews and two focus groups were held to gather data. Interviews were recorded, taped and analyzed via the grounded theory method developed by Strauss and Corbin. In order to support the validity and rigor of the data, different criteria such as acceptability, confirmability and transferability were utilized. Results: During the data analysis, the core category of “Promoting acknowledge for preservation of teeth” and five main themes of “destructive factors of teeth”, “maintaining dental”, “social and environmental factors”, “Effective believes in dental health”and“Trying to rebuild teeth” were developed. Conclusion: To prevent of oral and dental disease, promoting women’s awareness is not only individual factor but also family, dentist, social and religious believers and policies and executive systems are important. The findings of this study can be effective in designing educational appropriate models in women’s oral and dental health and also may be useful for developing educational context in dentists and policymakers.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Public Health
Received: 2014/03/18 | Accepted: 2014/03/18 | Published: 2014/03/18

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