Volume 12, Issue 4 (3-2015)                   sjsph 2015, 12(4): 95-106 | Back to browse issues page

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Etemadi M, Ghafari darab M, Khorasani E, Moradi F, Vaziri nasab H. Social loafing and organizational justice among nurses: A case study in a teaching hospital. sjsph 2015; 12 (4) :95-106
URL: http://sjsph.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5208-en.html
1- PhD. Student, Department of Health Services Management, Health Management and Economics Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- MSc. Student, Mobarakeh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Department of Business Management, Mobarakeh, Isfahan, Iran
3- PhD. Student, Department of Pharmacoeconomics and Pharmaceutical Administration, School of Pharmacy, students’ scientific research center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , Khorasani.elahe@yaho.com
4- PhD. Student, Department of Health Management and Economics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5- MSc. Department of Social Medicine, School of Medicine, Jiroft University of Medical sciences, Jiroft, Iran
Abstract:   (10268 Views)


  Background and Aim: Social loafing is the phenomenon of people deliberately exerting less effort to achieve a goal when they work in a group as compared to when they work alone. People who feel they are being treated unfair in an organization would be more likely to show this phenomenon. This study investigated the social loafing among nurses and its relationship with organizational justice in Tohid Hospital in Sanandaj, Iran.

  Materials and Methods: This was a correlational descriptive-analytical study conducted in 2012. The study population was all nurses working in Tohid Hospital in Sanandaj, Iran. Data were collected using a valid questionnaire. For data analysis SPSS-20 software was used, the descriptive statistics being frequency distribution, mean, standard deviation, and the Spearman, Mann-Whitney, and Kruskal-Wallis tests .

  Results : The highest organizational justice component was found to be organizational justice (0.086 ± 3.39), and the mean of social loafing was higher in comparison with organizational justice. According to the Spearman test, all organizational justice components had inverse relations with social loafing. Only distributive organizational justice was significantly related to social loafing (p<0.05).

  Conclusion: It can be concluded that the personnel are highly sensitive to distributive justice and managers need to create the feeling that the organization has a fair distribution of resources. Hospitals should try to minimize the negative effects associated with loafing by creating an environment that discourages social loafing. One way to achieve this goal is to try to impress the personnel by telling them that their functions are important , such that they feel their job is important and that the role of nurses in connection with the patients is of value and significant.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Public Health
Received: 2015/03/11 | Accepted: 2015/03/11 | Published: 2015/03/11

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