Volume 12, Issue 4 (3-2015)                   sjsph 2015, 12(4): 1-11 | Back to browse issues page

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Keshavarz N, Bahreyni F, Degpasand S. Community-based health promotion programs over the last 30 years in Iran: typology of interventions. sjsph 2015; 12 (4) :1-11
URL: http://sjsph.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5205-en.html
1- Ph.D. Assistant professor, School of public health, Sahaid Beheshti University of Medical sciences, Tehran, Iran , n_keshavars@yahoo.com
2- BSc. Research officer, Deputy of research, Iran Ministry of health, Tehran, Iran
3- MSc. Master of health Education, Retired officer, Iran Ministry of health, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (9019 Views)


  Background an Aim: Community-based health promotion program encompasses actions aiming at enabling individuals, organizations and communities for enhancing behaviors and creating a healthier environment. Considerable experiences regarding community health promotion and community-based health promotion exists in Iran, but they have not been documented adequately.

  Materials and Methods: This paper reports some of the findings of a situation assessment project of community-based health promotion programs in Iran, including typology of community-based health promotion programs and critical analysis of challenges and threats, discussing potential opportunities to improve community-based health interventions. All the available reports, official documents, information and published papers related to community-based health promotion programs implemented in Iran were examined.

  Results: The majority of health-related interventions excluding three national programs, namely, the volunteers, community health workers (Behvarzes) and polio eradication programs, were categorized in three large groups ─ community-based initiatives, community-based participatory research, and community-based addiction prevention. Many of these programs were not community-based in the true sense of the word.

  Conclusion: The findings indicate that in Iran, unlike many other countries, the majority of the interventions are initiated and implemented at the national level with good organizational support. Although implementation of such programs is generally considered feasible in Iran, it seems that the available opportunities have not been adequately exploited for their implementation.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Public Health
Received: 2015/03/11 | Accepted: 2015/03/11 | Published: 2015/03/11

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