Volume 4, Issue 1 (2 2006)                   sjsph 2006, 4(1): 65-72 | Back to browse issues page

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Abstract:   (13225 Views)
Background and Aim: Children, who go to school without breakfast or have breakfast that is not nutritious enough, will not be able to meet their nutritional needs for growth. Nutrition education can be instrumental in providing knowledge, desirable attitude, and changing behavior concerning breakfast. The purpose of this study was to compare two method of nutrition education – booklet and lecture- on practice of fourth grade girls.
Material and Methods:
Using three stage random sampling a total of 150 students were randomly selected and divided into 3 equal groups booklet, lecture, and control. At the beginning of the study, an assessment of practice was conducted for all groups. Education through booklet and lecture was provided. Two weeks after the education, an assessment of practice was conducted again. To collect data two types of questionnaires - general and practice - were used.
Results: The result showed a significant difference of means of practice (P=0.002) score among three groups. The mean score of practice in the lecture against the control group and that of the booklet against control group increased 0.84 (P=0.005), 0.76 (P=0.014) respectively, but no significant increase was observed between lecture against the booklet group. After omitting the effect of independent variables in question, education still increases the difference of means of practice scores significantly (P=<0.05). Lectures are a more dynamic method for nutrition education.
Considering the large number of students in primary schools and lack of access to a direct method of education, using booklets is an appropriate method.
Keywords: Breakfast, Lecture, Booklet
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2004/10/19 | Accepted: 2005/06/14 | Published: 2013/08/11