Volume 13, Issue 3 (12-2015)                   sjsph 2015, 13(3): 73-84 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Khosravi S, Alavi Naeini A M, Dorosti motlagh A R, GHorbani M, Shateri Z. Association between food insecurity and gestational diabetes mellitus: A case- control study. sjsph. 2015; 13 (3) :73-84
URL: http://sjsph.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5301-en.html

1- MSc. Student, Department of community nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- Ph.D. Assistant Professor, Department of community nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , amalavi@tums.ac.ir
3- Ph.D. Associate Professor, Department of community nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4- Ph.D. Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran
5- BSc. Student, Department of nutrition Sciences, School of medical sciences, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (2240 Views)

Background and Aim: Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common medical problems in pregnant women. Nutrition plays an important role in the prevention and control of this disease. Some studies have found a relationship between gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and food insecurity. The objective of this study was to investigate the association between food insecurity and GDM.

Material and Methods: : This case-control study included 274 pregnant women (137 GDM cases and 137 healthy controls) selected by convenience sampling. Data on the subjects’ food insecurity, demographic features and physical activity (MET) were collected by interviewing and their heights and weights measured. For the analysis of the data, the Chi-square test, independent sample t-test and multivariate and univariate logistic regression tests were used, the statistical software being SPSS 16.0.

Results: On the whole, 18.2% and 21.9% of the women in the case and control groups suffered from food insecurity, respectively. There were statistically significant differences between the case and control groups with regard to a previous history of pregnancy, a family history of diabetes in the first and second degree relatives, and a history of giving birth to a baby weighing over 4 kgs.

Further analysis of the data showed a family history of diabetes mellitus and a low socio-economic status to be independent risk factors for GDB.

Conclusion: No statistically significant difference was observed between food insecurity of the women and gestational diabetes mellitus in this study. Despite this finding, considering that there are associations between food insecurity and other types of diabetes mellitus, we recommend further studies on this subject to be able to either accept or reject the hypothesis on the association between food insecurity and gestational diabetes mellitus.

Full-Text [PDF 169 kb]   (741 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Public Health
Received: 2015/12/21 | Accepted: 2015/12/21 | Published: 2015/12/21

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
Write the security code in the box

Send email to the article author


© 2017 All Rights Reserved | Journal of School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health Research

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb