Volume 12, Number 3 (1-2015)                   sjsph 2015, 12(3): 1-11 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Dejman M, Vameghi M, Dejman F, Roshanfekr P, Rafiey H, Setareh forouzan A, et al . Drug abuse among street children in Tehran: A rapid assessment. sjsph. 2015; 12 (3) :1-11
URL: http://sjsph.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5186-en.html

1- MD, Ph.D. Assistant Professor, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- Ph.D. Psychiatrist, Social welfare management Research Center and Social determinants of health Research center, University of Social Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran , m_vameghi@yahoo.com
3- BSc. Clinical Psychology student, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
4- Ph.D. student, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5- Ph.D. Psychiatrist, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
6- MD. Director of preventing development center, State welfare organization of Iran, Tehran, Iran
7- MSc. Expert of prevention development committee, State welfare organization of Iran, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (3273 Views)

Background and Aim: Children who work or live in the streets are one of the high-risk groups for HIV. The high population of street children and lack of comprehensive intervention programs for them increase their risk for HIV in Iran. This study intended to explore the situation of drug abuse in street children in Tehran, the capital city.

Materials and Methods: This paper reports part of a comprehensive rapid assessment and response (RAR) research project on street children in Tehran during 2012-13. Data were collected by interviewing subjects using questionnaires. The sample size was 289 street children selected by time-location sampling in Tehran.

Results : Data showed that about 25.6% of the street children had had some history of cigarette smoking, alcohol abuse, and/or drug abuse. Most of them were boys aged 15-18 years. The prevalence rate of cigarette and/or hubble-bubble smoking, alcohol consumption and drug abuse during the preceding 6 months 12.1%, 11% and 6.9%, respectively. Significant associations were found between alcohol consumption and drug abuse on the one hand and the children’s age, type of occupation and home-leaving experience on the other. Further analysis of the data showed that the main reason for drug abuse was curiosity (56.6%), followed by mere enjoyment (39.6%) and leisure (35.8%) .

Conclusion : It can be concluded that drug abuse among street children is highly associated with gender, age, alcohol consumption, cigarette smoking and leaving home experience. Therefore, it is recommended to start drug abuse prevention programs at lower ages, with particular emphasis on boys. In addition, family intervention and improvement of children’s lifestyle aiming at preventing home-leaving could be a main strategic plan for reducing drug abuse among street children.

Full-Text [PDF 166 kb]   (879 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Public Health
Received: 2015/02/17 | Accepted: 2015/02/17 | Published: 2015/02/17

Add your comments about this article : Your username or email:
Write the security code in the box

Send email to the article author


© 2017 All Rights Reserved | Journal of School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health Research

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb