Volume 3, Number 2 (3 2005)                   sjsph 2005, 3(2): 77-86 | Back to browse issues page


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Nahrevanian H, Assmar M, Ghorbani S M. A STUDY ON CRYPTOSPORIDIOSIS AMONG PATIENTS WITH ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY IN THE GREAT TEHRAN. sjsph. 2005; 3 (2) :77-86
URL: http://sjsph.tums.ac.ir/article-1-239-en.html

Abstract:   (5659 Views)
Cryptosporidiosis is a parasitic zoonosis prevalent all over the world and recognized as one of the important causes of diarrhea in children and immunodeficient subjects. The manifestations range from self-limited acute diarrhea in immunocompetent individuals to fatal chronic diarrhea in immunocompromised patients. In this study, conducted in Greater Tehran, 214 patients in 7 disease categories in 10 hospitals were investigated. Samples were collected from both patients with immune deficiency symptoms (Test group) and those with an intact immune system (Control group). Overall, 22.4% of patients had diarrhea and 77.6% had stools with a normal consistency. 1.4% of immunocompromised patients and 6.3% of those with diarrhea were found to harbor Cryptosporidium infections. These Cryptosporidium-positive cases included one patient with AML and two AIDS patients. The incidence rate of infection in AML and AIDS patients who had diarrhea was 11.1% and 33.4%, respectively. While the infection is usually self-limited in immunocompetent subjects, it could be fatal in immunodeficiency states. Therefore attention must be paid to effective disease prevention in immunocompromised subjects.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Published: 2013/08/12

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