Volume 3, Issue 3 (3 2005)                   sjsph 2005, 3(3): 37-48 | Back to browse issues page


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Rad Goodarzi R, Rahimi Movaghar A, Sahimi Izadian E, Mohammadi M, Vazirian M. THE APPROACH OF HEALTH SYSTEM IN DEADING WITH OPIOID WITHDRAWAL SYMPTOMS IN BAM EARTHQUAKE VICTIMS DURING THE FIRST TWO WEEKS AFTER THE DISASTER. sjsph. 2005; 3 (3) :37-48
URL: http://sjsph.tums.ac.ir/article-1-228-en.html

Abstract:   (5794 Views)
The aims of the present study were to assess preparedness and function of health system in the management of withdrawal symptoms in opioid dependents after Bam earthquake, the methods that medical staff used for identification of dependents, the viewpoints of the medical staff as well as opioid dependents about the roles of health system, and the appropriate methods for managing opioid dependence after disaster. This qualitative study was carried out in the city of Bam, one of its nearby villages and eight hospitals in Tehran and Kerman, admitting earthquake victims. Our analysis was based on 163 semi-structured interviews, with drug abusers, their family members, people living in Bam, service providers, and the authorities. No specific training for drug abuse was reported by medical staff. No guideline or program was available for prevention and management of drug dependence in disasters. Most of the medical staff had negative attitudes toward involvement in treatment of opioid dependence. During the first two weeks after the earthquake, medical management of the withdrawal symptoms was inadequate. Most of the interviewees suggested managing the withdrawal symptoms with prescribing opioid agonists and then treating the opioid dependence following improvement of physical injuries and stability of social situation. In disaster situations, the consequences of inadequate management of opioid dependence can be ominous. Such consequences consist of a change in incidence of substance use, intensity of use and dependence, type of substance and route of use to more dangerous ways. Therefore, a practical protocol (disaster planning) is needed for prevention and management of substance dependence in the times of crises.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Published: 2013/08/12

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