Volume 5, Issue 3 (4 2007)                   sjsph 2007, 5(3): 51-58 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Khedmat S, Bahrani M. Need assessment for Root Canal Therapy (RCT) of the first molars in elementary school students of Tehran's 6th Municipal District. sjsph. 2007; 5 (3) :51-58
URL: http://sjsph.tums.ac.ir/article-1-168-en.html
Abstract:   (11593 Views)

Background and Aim: Although there have been several epidemiologic studies on first permanent molar caries in Iranian students, the need for endodontic therapy has not been investigated so far.
The purpose of this study was to assess the need for first molar root canal therapy in 7- to 11-year-old schoolchildren and its association with age, gender, and parent education level.

Materials and Methods: We selected 885 students (572 girls and 313 boys) from 12 elementary schools, using a random cluster sampling method. We recorded the subjects' identities and examined their maxillary and mandibular first molars with a mirror and an explorer. In case of any doubts about the need for endodontic therapy, we performed vitality tests and/or obtained periapical radiography. Chi-square and Mann-Whitney tests were used for statistical analysis.

Results: In 26 students (3%) there was an indication for endodontic treatment of the first molars. Of these, 18 teeth were in mandible and 8 in the maxilla. The need for endodontic therapy was significantly related to the subjects' age and the parents' education level. We did not detect a significant association between gender and the need for endodontic therapy.

Conclusion: We recommend pit and fissure sealant plus fluoride therapy, beginning with the eruption of the first permanent molars- especially in the mandible.

Full-Text [PDF 131 kb]   (1183 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2006/03/4 | Accepted: 2007/07/30 | Published: 2013/08/11

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
Write the security code in the box

© 2018 All Rights Reserved | Journal of School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health Research

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb