Volume 6, Number 3 and 4 (13 2009)                   sjsph 2009, 6(3 and 4): 101-109 | Back to browse issues page

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Kamalinia M, Nasl Saraji G, Choobineh A, Hosseini M. Postural loading on upper limbs in workers of the assembly line of an Iranian Telecommunication Manufacturing Company usimg the LUBA technique. sjsph. 2009; 6 (3 and 4) :101-109
URL: http://sjsph.tums.ac.ir/article-1-136-en.html

Abstract:   (9824 Views)
Background and Aim: Application of modern technologies and changes in industries and work practices, particularly in assembly lines, have resulted in increased work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). This has led to reduced occupational competence in both industrialized and developed countries. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of MSDs in the upper limbs, postural loading on the upper limbs (using the LUBA technoque), and ergonomic risk factors among assembly workers of an Iranian Telecommunications Manufacturing Company (ITMC) in Shiraz, Iran.

Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional survey data were collected, using the Nordic Musculoskeletal Disorders Questionnaire (NMQ) and LUBA Checklist, on 193 randomly selected registered assembly workers from 8 units of the assembly line of ITMC, Shiraz, Iran. The statistical tests used were as follws: 1.The qui-square test, to determine factors causing MSDs 2. One-way analysis of variance and Kruskal-Wallis to determine postural loading index 3. Logistic multiple regression analysis, to determine risk factors.

Results: Lower-back symptoms were found to be the most prevalent problem (67.9%.) among the workers. The findings also showed that the upper limb disorders were significantly associated with age, sex, job, daily working time, work evironment conditions, and twisting (P<0.01). Based on LUBA, a large majority of the workers (89.64%) had experienced high postural loading (PLI = 5). In addition, significant associations were found between postural loading and symptoms of upper limbs and units of work (P <0.05).

Conclusion: Based on these findings, MSDs are prevelent among Telecommunication Manufacturing Company in Shiraz, Iran. The most important factors likely to cause MSDs are postural loading on the limbs and unfavourable working conditions. Interventional programs aimig at preventing musculoskeletal problems among assembly line workers should focus on reducing postural loading.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2007/11/30 | Accepted: 2009/02/8 | Published: 2013/08/9

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